Blog

Dangers of Rodent Bait

There are several general classifications of rodent poison (rodenticide) available over the counter. The most common is one that prevents blood clotting called an anticoagulant; D- con being the most easily recognized in light of the recent bans on second generation anticoagulant rodenticides.

Anticoagulant rodenticides can come in many forms from liquid, to pellets, to blocks. They are made to be palatable, thus the increase in risk to pets. When they are ingested the active ingredient is absorbed and begins blocking Vitamin K. Vitamin K is not a vitamin in the traditional sense, instead it is a molecule used by the blood during the clotting process.

Poisoning Symptoms

Unfortunately, signs of sickness begin days after ingestion. Usually signs start with weakness, tiredness and then progress to coughing. Nearly 100% of cases of anticoagulant poisonings start with bleeding into the lungs.

Treatment for Poisonings

Treatment of these anticoagulant poisonings often lags behind the initial poisoning resulting in dramatically reduced survival rates. This is often because pets do not act sick after ingesting the poison and therefore owners either are unaware it happened or believe the pet will be fine.

Treatment of these poisonings depends on how soon the pet is brought in for treatment as well as the severity of that pet’s illness. The prognosis and survival rate is dependent on early recognition of signs and treatment.

If an owner is aware that their pet ate the poison, vomiting can be induced to remove as much of the poison as possible and the pet can be started on a Vitamin K supplement until all the poison leaves the body. This reduces the risk of bleeding and the pet has an excellent prognosis with appropriate monitoring.

If a pet is already suspected to be suffering from the signs of poisoning and is bleeding into its lungs or other tissues the treatment is very different. Diagnosis is usually through a blood test that determines how long it takes for the pet’s blood to clot – these times are longer in poisoned pets. Xrays can show how severe the bleeding is into the lungs as well, providing more information for prognosis. The pet is started on Vitamin K and will often need a plasma or whole blood transfusion. The transfusion is important not only to replenish blood volume but also provides the pet with the blood clotting factors the poison is blocking.

Prevention

As with most poisons, owner awareness is critical to saving the life of the pet. Knowing what poisons are on the property and ensuring that pets do not have access is the first step in prevention of poisonings. Then, making sure to check those poisons regularly so if it is ingested, early treatment can be started.

Protecting Your Pets

Since recent bans on anticoagulant rodenticides, other forms of rodent bait are becoming more popular. These types of baits contain neurologic type poisons. The most common neurologic poison is Bromethalin. Bromethalin ingestion causes severe brain swelling, seizures and death in all mammals. All mammals from rodents, cats, dogs, and small children are at very high risk for death if ingestion occurs.

Treatment is only successful if the pet is known to ingest this type of poison and is treated appropriately within 1-2 hours. The only treatment known to be successful is induction of vomiting to reduce the amount of poison in the body below toxic levels. After 1-2 hours the likelihood of successful treatment reduces with every passing moment.

As with every chemical or poison used in the home, be aware of risks to animals and humans. Speak to your veterinarian to learn tips for reducing risks in your home.

Website Designed & Developed by DVMelite | All Rights Reserved | Login

Facebook

Instagram

Follow Me on Instagram
  • Some of our patients celebrating the holiday. It is the year of the dog!

    amcmqt: "Some of our patients celebrating the holiday. It is the year of the dog!"
    9
    0
  • Happy Lunar New Year! One of our staff members featured here was born in the year of the dog.

    amcmqt: "Happy Lunar New Year! One of our staff members featured here was born in the year of the dog."
    9
    0
  • Today was Treats Thursday! We provided treats to both our clients and their pets. Here were some of the yummy choices. We love being able to serve you today.

    amcmqt: "Today was Treats Thursday! We provided treats to both our clients and their pets. Here were some of the yummy choices. We love being able to serve you today."
    9
    0
  • We love our clients and have special events running all week to show how much we appreciate you choosing us for your pet care.

    amcmqt: "We love our clients and have special events running all week to show how much we appreciate you choosing us for your pet care."
    23
    1
  • Happy Valentine’s Day from Amc 💕 clients enjoyed complimentary #ToeNailTrimTuesday in celebration. 💅🏽 New perks everyday this week because we love you. 💘#ToeNailTransformation #AnimalMedicalCenter #AMC #Mqt

    amcmqt: "Happy Valentine’s Day from Amc 💕 clients enjoyed complimentary #ToeNailTrimTuesday in celebration. 💅🏽 New perks everyday this week because we love you. 💘#ToeNailTransformation #AnimalMedicalCenter #AMC #Mqt"
    9
    0
  • Today was Fat Tuesday. We had chicken gumbo for staff and free nail trims for patients.

    amcmqt: "Today was Fat Tuesday. We had chicken gumbo for staff and free nail trims for patients."
    9
    0
  • Dr.Gerrish with her dog Mabel just after she finished in the show ring at The Westminster Dog show today.

    amcmqt: "Dr.Gerrish with her dog Mabel just after she finished in the show ring at The Westminster Dog show today."
    17
    0
  • Oliver is in to be neutered today. He weighs in at 98 pounds. Here are a couple of photos from a year ago when he was coming in for his puppy visits.

    amcmqt: "Oliver is in to be neutered today. He weighs in at 98 pounds. Here are a couple of photos from a year ago when he was coming in for his puppy visits."
    17
    0
  • This morning Dr.Holmstrom was wearing a sweater with a Chow in honor of the Chinese New Year of the dog. Emily brought her cat Luna in for a recheck and was wearing her cat sweater. We had to take a photo.

    amcmqt: "This morning Dr.Holmstrom was wearing a sweater with a Chow in honor of the Chinese New Year of the dog. Emily brought her cat Luna in for a recheck and was wearing her cat sweater. We had to take a photo."
    18
    0
  • Harper visited the clinic to start her puppy vaccinations and sample some of our fear free snacks.#fearfree #frenchbulldog

    amcmqt: "Harper visited the clinic to start her puppy vaccinations and sample some of our fear free snacks.#fearfree #frenchbulldog"
    24
    1